SANTERIA RELIGION LUKUMI YORUBA OVERVIEW

SANTERIA RELIGION LUKUMI YORUBA OVERVIEW


Overview:
In the Spanish language, Santería means

“The Way of the Saints.” It is also known as “La Religion Lucumi” and it was first practiced within the African culture that came to Cuba in the late 18th century and early 19th century.

Many Caribbean countries practice this type of religion since the African slaves held on to preserve their culture, beliefs and traditions.

They identified the Catholic Saints with their own “Orishas” or African Divinities (Gods) to please their white masters, in order to maintain their own.

Although this practice is tinted with ignorance due to some of the rituals. For centuries the Caribbean culture utilize Santería as part of their daily lives. To resolve present issues or conflicts, but also as a way of asking and receiving blessings and ensuring good things will come in the future.

Afro-Fusion draws from the rare, unique and spiritual elements of the art form of this religion.

The result presents a contemporary, urban and modernistic version.

 

En el idioma español, conocido como Santería
"El Camino de los Santos." También es conocida como "La Religión Lucumi" y que fue practicado en la cultura africana procediente the Yoruba hoy en dia Nigeria que llegó a Cuba en el siglo 18 y principios del siglo 19.

Muchos países del Caribe práctican este tipo de religión, ya  que los esclavos africanos logragorn  preservar su cultura, creencias y tradiciones. 
Iidentificaron los santos católicos con sus propios "Orishas" o divinidades africanas (Dioses) para complacer a sus amos blancos, con el fin de mantener su propia identidad y greencias.
Aunque esta práctica está tenida por la ignorancia,  y debido a que algunos de los rituales.utilizan sacrificios de animales. Durante siglos la cultura del Caribe Santería es utilizardacomo parte de la vida cotidiana.

Para resolver problemas o conflictos presentes, también como una forma de solicitar y recibir las bendiciones y la garantía de que las cosas buenas vienen en el futuro.

Afro-Fusion se basa en los elementos raros, unicos y espirituales de la forma artistica de esta religión.

El resultado se presenta una versión contemporánea, urbana y modernista. 

   

   

   

  

CEREMONIA DE COLLARES:

En África, un individuo recibe un solo collar de su divinidad protectora, como símbolo de pacto o matrimonio mágico, haciéndolos inseparables ydependientes entre sí.

En Cuba, sin embargo, se reciben varios collares, aunque sólo uno sea el del Orisha tutelar.

Los primeros collares que se reciben suelen ser cuatro de una vez, y estos son de: Obatalá, Yemayá, Oshún y Shangó.

Las causas, para que a una persona le sean impuestos los collares, siempre son atribuidas al oráculo.

Es el adivino quien marca esta ceremonia para el vencimiento de una dificultad del devoto que hace la consulta.

Aunque, aveces, es tradición dar collares a los recién nacidos, sobre todos en aquellas familias donde la Santería es algo hereditario Los collares, elekes, han sido siempre usados como “atributos” y como símbolode identidad en toda el África negra. En Cuba, el Africano continuó con sus tradiciones, usándolos como identificativos de su condición social y de la pertenencia al culto de un Orisha en particular.

Como atributo mágico, el collar es una prolongación de la fuerza mística del Orisha que representa.

Al estar los collares en contacto con nuestro cuerpo, selogra que la presencia de la deidad sea latente, y nos hace poseedores de su protección.

Pero, como a todos los utensilios mágicos, también se le debe un respeto, esparte de la deidad y, por tanto, al igual que prolonga su virtud, también implicaciertos tabúes.

Los collares carecen de sentido sin una ceremonia previa. Sin estar “bautizados” son meros adornos decorativos.

Igualmente, para que sean validos, sus cuentas deben haberse sido ensartadas por un Santero,

y el hilo que las soporta debe ser de algodón, para que pueda absorber el umiero y la sangre de los sacrificios.

El color de los collares varía en función del color o colores relacionados con elOrisha al que corresponden.

Por eso, el collar de Obatalá es blanco, el deYemayá azul, el de Elegguá Negro y rojo, etc.

Pero también existen collares de diversos tipos aún perteneciendo a un mismo Orisha. Estos indican distintos caminos o avatares, es decir, determinadas etapas de la vida anterior del Orisha en cuestión; pactos, amores, derrotas,etc., y estos caminos, a su vez, se relacionan con determinados oddúns.

Normalmente, cuando se lleva un collar de un determinado avatar es por quecoincide con el oddún que en ese momento nos han marcado.

Es un reflejo delas circunstancias personales que en ese momento determinado estamos viviendo.

CEREMONY OF NECKLACES:

In Africa, an individual receives a single string of his protective deity, symbolizing marriage covenant or magic, making them inseparable ydependientes each other.

In Cuba, however, received several necklaces, although only one is that of the Orisha guardian.

The first collars that are usually four at once, and these are: Obatala, Yemaya, Oshun and Shango. The causes, so that a person will be imposed collars are always attributed to the oracle.

Guess who is this ceremony to mark the maturity of a devotee's difficulty making the query.

Although, sometimes, it is tradition to give necklaces to newborns, about all those families where Santeria is hereditary Necklaces, elekes have always been used as "attributes" and símbolode identity throughout black Africa.

In Cuba, the African traditions continued, using them as identification of social status and belonging to the worship of a particular Orisha.

As magical attribute, the collar is an extension of the mystical force that represents the Orisha. When the necklaces are in contact with our body, reinforces that the presence of the deity is latent, and makes us possessors of their protection.

But, like all magical appliances, you must also respect, Esparte of deity and therefore prolongs like virtue, also implicaciertos taboos.

The collars are meaningless without a previous ceremony. Without being "baptized" are merely decorative ornaments.

Also, to be valid, your account must have been strung by a Santero, and the thread that supports them must be cotton, so you can absorb umiero and blood sacrifices.

The color of the beads varies depending on the color or colors associated with the corresponding elOrisha. So Obatala collar is white, blue deYemayá the Elegguá Black and red, etc..

But there are necklaces of various kinds even belonging to the same Orisha. These show different paths or avatars, that is, certain stages of life before the Orisha in question, covenants, loves, losses, etc.,

And these pathways, in turn, are related to certain oddúns. Normally, when wearing a necklace of a given avatar is the Oddun quecoincide at that time we have dialed. It is a reflection delas personal circumstances at that particular time we are living.

Elekes ceremony by which the aleyo must pass.

This is a ceremony of great importance as it symbolizes the actual entrance to the Rule of Osha. In this ceremony, aleyo elekes receives 5, or 5 necklaces that represent 5 of the most important Orishas religious system: -

Eleggua / Elegba / Eshu / Elegbara - Obbatala - Yemaya / Yemanja / Yemoja - Oshun Guere - Shango

The ceremony must be performed by the sponsor to have a mat on which the neophyte knelt and anger elekes receiving one on one to be picked up with his little finger as a sign of respect.

All Elekes must have "eaten" above, namely that they must have sacrificed animals (as they do not mention aleyo regards such knowledge).

The delivery process must always start receiving Obbatala collar. In some Iles (holy houses) the eleke of Eleggua is delivered to the receiving ceremony Ti Ayaeguns Osha.

If the Orisha Alagbatori been determined for the individual, for the Olori eleke will last place.

Note: Elekes themselves symbolize the attachment and the new bond that is forged between Orishas and aleyo, now called Omo eleke.

Each represents eleke Orishas mentioned above:

Eleggua Derived from Ile and gue, Eleggua means: "It's in the house." Orisha Eleggua is greater, and Yemú Obbatala son.

This Orisha is the owner of the keys to the destination, it opens and closes the roads at will. He is highly respected and feared as this in his hand the destiny of human beings.

It has a character and childish mocking, mischievous and unpredictable. In his possession the grant good wishes and a prosperous future as well as predicting the greatest of misfortunes.

Oracle owns the Dilóggun, although his hand is 21 snails and withdraw

5. Eleggua invocation: Eshu Ebua Alaguana Nikokoribilla Balatento not Maniko Iku Endoro Maniko Yelete Barakillelu Eshu Afra.


Obbatala Obba which means King or Powerful and Tala which means:

Extension or expansion.Ambos words together form Obbatala. Obbatala Obbatoisa means:

The King of All Saints. Obbatala is the son of Olofi. This Orisha greater the king of the Yoruba pantheon.

Owner of the Heads, the Orisha is a symbol of peace and purity and is represented by the elderly.

Your children must be extremely respectful for not tolerate disrespectful behavior. It goes to the health and represents the human head, intelligence and serenity.

Obbatala invocation: Obbatala Gemu Obbatala Bivirigua Aligua Kabo Kabo Ligua Lano Yakut Ke dedere Laboru dedere The Boshise Lori Meridiloggun Doba.


Yemaya: Yemaya Illa Moalle: Mother of the World. This larger Orisha Mother and creator of life and the Orishas.

Yemaya is queen of the surface water of the Sea Owner, origin of life.

It is the most respected Orisha of the Yoruba pantheon symbolizing motherhood and she gave birth to the world and creation.

Their punishments are very severe, but is very gentle with their children while they act righteously.

From it are born all things including life.


Olokun has with all the richness of the 7 seas. She will go to bring fertility and protect womanhood.

It can be manly and violent, and may even exaggerate their pride. The Yoruba consider blood of the earth.

When in the water embodies the figure of a mermaid. Deity of creativity and nature.

Prayer to Yemaya: Yemaya omio Iya Omi Marubo The Wing Teo, Omi, Iya Awo Iya Yeda Yetu Yetu Acuakeye Ala Sabayi Olokun.


Shango Shango Lukumi means "problem", so your image always appears with an ax in his head to indicate he was born with the war in the head.

This Orisha is one of the most beloved in her Yoruba pantheon.

King of the warriors, Shango is the god of Fire and Lightning and owns the Bata Drums.

It is Osain pact with his godfather. Leon.Es always accompanies a stormy and passionate.

Orisha Shango is a major, son of Yemaya, Shango is king of Santeria as it was heard in the land.

This Orisha is a womanizer and is always involved in some scandal loving. It goes on to ward off enemies.


Note: Pataki: Unable to his mother raise him, because his father with the death penalty after discovering he had relations with his other son Ogun, Yemaya adopted him.

Shango's father did not want to have children for fear that another child was born so ungrateful as Oggun.

Hearing Shango, is angered and decided to take revenge by taking the wife to Ogun. Since then both walk in a peeling Orishas eternal.

So much so that in a giiemilere (drumbeat) should never be allowed to fall just two Orishas as always faced and could cost the lives of horses (people who have mounted the tutelary Orisha).

Invocation to Shango: Shango Shango Lube Lube Bara Oba Bear Kiseku Olufina Aya Koke

The Yiki Obanbio I Eleku Roast Ozain Akokonasi Aya Olufina Ogodonasi the Yiki.


Oshun Oshun, Orisha more, Venus of the Yoruba pantheon.

Guere Oshun is the goddess of love, marriage and Del Oro is the most beautiful of all goddesses.

Symbol of the eternal feminine, owns all donated by rivers and Yemaya Olokun.

Despite being loving and generous, can be touchy and hypersensitive.

Orisha is the most vengeful and angry, when you consider that it has not been treated with due respect and affection.

Oshun is the goddess of rivers. This Orisha represents the sweetness, love, gold, and fresh waters.

That provocative symbol of coquetry. Yemaya has a pact with the secrets of caring for the rivers.

They come to her to solve economic problems, and loving.

Its color is yellow in all ranges Oshun Guere invocation: Oshun Yeyeo Mori, Yi Obe Moko, Abayanide Eky Maladu Kiladua Ke, Ybu Wanale Wanale, Aworubonasi, Oshun, Moriryeyeo Yeye.


The elekes therefore are considered standards of these 5 Orishas greater: - Elegba: Red and black, one account at a staggered - Oshun Guere: Yellow and transparent, alternating 5 on 5 - Yemanja: Blue and clear or white, alternating 7 on 7 - Shango: Red and white alternating 6 by 6 - Obbatala: only white beads Note:

This ceremony may suffer variation accordingly.

La mano de Òrúnmìlà (Owofakan)

es recibir las 16 semillas sagradas (Ikin), mediante las cuales los sacerdotes de Ifá pueden revelar el destino.

Owo: Mano Ifá: Oráculo Okan: Uno Recibir esta ceremonia de iniciación significa que le será revelado su destino, su misión, sus posibilidades y debilidades.

Según la tradición de Ifá, todos los seres al venir al mundo se arrodillan delante de Ọlódùmarè (Dios) y escogen un destino para cumplimentar en su paso por el mundo terrenal.

El único testigo de este hecho es Òrúnmìlà, la deidad de la sabiduría y poseedor del oráculo de Ifá.

Antes de acercarse a la cámara de OLODUMARE y en el transcurso de los preparativos para su viaje a la Tierra la mayor parte de las personas acuden por adivinación a los sacerdotes de Ifá celestiales y se les recomienda un sacrificio para que sus proyectos se desarrollen de manera favorable.

Sin embargo, en el camino del Cielo a la Tierra (el útero materno) olvidamos todo esto y es sólo mediante la ceremonia de recibir a Òrúnmìlà que podemos recordarlo.

En la figura (Odù) que aparece en la bandeja de adivinación (Opón Ifá) están contenidos todos los mensajes y consejos que usted debe escuchar y cumplir para que su vida sea conveniente.

Los sacrificios (Ebo), recomendados antes de partir del Cielo a la Tierra son los que usted debe cumplimentar rápidamente.

Así mismo, Òrúnmìlà le dice quien es su Òrìşà tutelar, llamado Ángel Guardián, del cual usted heredó muchas de sus características y es en última instancia de quien debe seguir las costumbres junto con su Odù patrón.

Si usted vive de acuerdo a su destino, se esfuerza por ser lo mejor que usted pueda ser y cumple con los sacrificios, encontrará la felicidad.

Si vino a ser agricultor trate de hacer la mejor cosecha, pero no trate de ser banquero, porque será una triste caricatura de sí mismo.

Se recibe a Òrúnmìlà por fe, por creer en él. Para respetarlo y atenderlo. El que Òrúnmìlà lo ayude a obtener sus deseos no significa que lo reciba como una tarjeta de crédito.

No reciba a Òrúnmìlà para viajar o para obtener dinero, él no es el Departamento de Emigración ni el Banco de Inversiones. Recuerde que Òrúnmìlà sabe lo que está dentro de su corazón.

Le será concedido lo que esté a su alcance y según el sacrificio que usted haya hecho. Recibir a Òrúnmìlà y a los Òrìşàs significa tener en quien apoyarnos cuando el mundo parezca que se nos cae encima o a quien agradecer cuando la vida nos depare momentos alegres.

Con Òrúnmìlà usted nunca estará sólo. Atiéndalo, comuníquese con el corazón que él siempre acudirá en su ayuda.

The hand of Orunmila (Owofakan)

is to receive the 16 sacred seeds (Ikin), by which the priests of Ifa can reveal the destination.

Owo: Hand Ifa: Oracle Okan: One Receive this initiation ceremony means that your destination will be revealed,

its mission, its capabilities and weaknesses. In the tradition of Ifa, all beings come into the world to kneel in front of Olodumare (God) and choose a destination to complete its passage through the underworld.

The only witness to this fact is Orunmila, the deity of wisdom and holder of the Ifa oracle.

Before approaching the House of Olodumare and in the course of preparations for their journey to Earth most people go for divination Ifa priests of heavenly and are encouraged to sacrifice their project evolves favorable.

However, in the way of Heaven to Earth (the womb) forget all this and it is only through the ceremony to receive Orunmila we can remember.

In figure (Odu) shown on the divination tray (Opon Ifa) are contained all the messages and tips that you should listen and meet to make life convenient.

The sacrifices (Ebo) recommended before leaving Heaven to Earth are the ones you should fill quickly. Also, Orunmila tells who your guardian Òrìsà called Guardian Angel, which you inherited many of its features and ultimately who should follow the customs Odu with your employer.

If you live according to their destination, strives to be the best you can be and complies with the sacrifices, find happiness. I

f you came to be a farmer try to make the best crop, but do not try to be a banker, it will be a sad caricature of himself.

Orunmila is received by faith, believing in him. To respect and take care. Orunmila which help you get your wishes does not mean that you receive as a credit card. Do not get to Orunmila for travel or for money, he is not the Department of Immigration and Investment Bank.

Remember that Orunmila knows what's in your heart. Which will be awarded in its power and as the sacrifice you made.

Receive and Orisa Orunmila means having to lean on when the world seems to be down on us or who to thank when life throws at us joyful moments.

With Orunmila you are never alone. Care for Orula contact with the heart that he always come to your aid.

COMO ATENDER A ELEGGUA

Elegua es un santo poderoso resuelve todo tipo de problemas: trabajo, negocio, amorosos, matimoniales, familiares, salud, suerte, etc.

Vive detras de la puerta de entrada de la casa en una cazuela de barro o en un mueble .

Su Eleke (collar) es rojo y negro tambien blanco y negro.

A continuacion lo que necesitaras para ofrecerle a Elegua : Vela blanca, agua ardiente de caña, tabaco o puro, cafe nego, miel de abeja, manteca de palma real (corojo).

Elegua es el santo que habre y cierra los caminos, es el primero que por mandato de Olofi (Dios) come primero en cualesquier tipo de ceremonia, este lleva una carga secreta en su interior que solo lo conoce el Babalawo o el Sacerdote santero que lo prepara de acuerdo al camino que Elegua traiga.

Elegua lleva en la parte superior un ota( piedra) que de acuerdo a la consulta indicara el lugar donde debe recogerse siendo: rio, mar, loma, cuatro esquinas, linea de tren, etc.

Muchas veces el Babalawo o Sacerdote santeo ya tienen estas piedras sagradas en el templo y asi usted no tiene que salir ha buscarlas.

Al entrgar este santo se le da el nombre completo ejm: Eshu Laroye, atender al santo es simple, su dia preferido es el Lunes o las fechas que den 3, 7, 11, 21.

Existen muchos tipos de Eleguas segun se marque en un registro se lo preparara. Los unicos autorizados para confeccionar y entregalo son "Babalawos y sacerdotes santeros" que tienen el ashe y autorizacion", pues ellos saben la carga y ceremonias que llevan para que este santo camine bien.

Una vez recido su Elegua debe darsele la entrada en la casa donde usted vive, y acordar el dia y derecho correspondiente par darle la entrada al santo debe ofrecele un pollito.

MOYUBA (REZO) PARA ELEGUA Emi aasu ka maa aashe isha fo fa wara omi tuto she mi ana tuto tutu baba mi kosi aro kosi iku kosi ofo kosi araye kosi ashelu kosi fun afonfon me le emi de lo omo wa de baba mi ran lowo

CARING FOR ELEGGUA

Elegua is powerful and holy who resolves all kinds of problems: work, business, love, matimoniales, family, health, luck, etc.

He lives behind the door of the house in a clay pot or in a cabinet. His eleke (collar) is also red and black black and white.

Below it you will need to offer Elegua: White candle, burning water cane, snuff or cigars, coffee nego, honey, butter royal palm (palm oil).

Elegua is the saint who Habre and closed roads, is the first mandated by Olofi (God) come first in any type of ceremony, this carries a secret inside that we only know the Babalawo or Santeria priest who prepared according to the path that brings Elegua.

Elegua been in the top one ota (stone) that according to the consultation indicate the location should be collected where: river, sea, hill, four corners, railway line, etc..

Often the priest santeo Babalawo or already have these sacred stones in the temple and so you do not have to go have look. At this holy entrgar is given the name ejm:

Eshu Laroye, attend the saint is simple, her favorite day is Monday or dates given 3, 7, 11, 21. There are many types of Eleguas be marked according to a log prepare it.

The only authorized to prepare and deliver it are "Babalawos and Santeria priests" who have the ashe and authorization "because they know the burden and ceremonies that lead to this holy walk well.

Once your Elegua recido be given the entry into the house where you live, and agree on the right day and give the input pair corresponding to the saint should offer him a chicken.

Moyuba (PRAY) FOR ELEGUA AASU Emi maa ka fa fo aashe isha Institute wara she omitted my tutu Institute ana baba my ring Kosi Kosi Kosi iku ofo araye Kosi Kosi Kosi ashelu afonfon fun than I would emi wa sa baba ran my lowo